The American Red Cross was chartered in 1905 by the American Congress to, “carry on a system of national and international relief in time of peace and apply the same in mitigating the sufferings caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great national calamities, and to devise and carry on measures for preventing the same.” The American Red Cross plays a substantial roll in the United States and the world in providing assistance to victims of disaster (clients), and other agencies which are involved in disaster situations (firefighters, FEMA, police, etc…)
Here in Louisiana the Red Cross most recently played a huge roll in the relief efforts from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita through financial assistance, providing shelter, medical supplies, and handing out hygiene products, including toothbrushes and soap. Although the Red Cross has recently gotten so much attention in this area because of their participation after those great storms, there is so much more that they do. In fact, responding to huge natural disasters is only a small and geographically concentrated part of the roll they play nation-wide in the field of Disaster Services.
The Red Cross works over 70,000 disasters. Many of these are house and apartment fires. Whenever a family (or person) is made homeless, either temporarily or indefinitely, the Red Cross can be called in to offer financial assistance to help these people pay for shelter (hotel), get to a relative’s, or purchase some immediate/ short-term necessities like food and clothing. The Red Cross also replaces any medicines that are lost due to disaster. So long as the drugs are not in the narcotics class (codeine, morphine, etc…), the Red Cross can have the client’s prescriptions refilled at no cost to the client. All in all, the main purpose of the American Red Cross is to provide assistance to their client’s to fulfill their immediate needs, and to find a since of normalcy as soon as possible.
The Red Cross takes are of the other disaster relief agencies by providing them with food, medical needs, mental health needs, and shelter if need be.
Although chartered by Congress, The Red Cross is not a government agency. Rather, one of the purposes of the Red Cross is to be a non-governmental, non-political, non-partisan, and independent organization to be on disaster scenes. The Red Cross is supported by private donations and controlled on a local level by executive boards, similar to most other non-profit organizations. At the national level, general policy is created, and resources are maintained and directed as needed in the occurrence of a large-scale disaster. When Hurricanes Katrina and Rita came across the Gulf States, the local Red Cross chapters were not responsible for maintaining the organization of relief efforts. Instead, the national office set up a temporary headquarters, local to the affected area, and controlled resources locally.
The American Red Cross plays a crucial roll in the implementation of disaster relief and resource management and distribution. It is with their great assistance that police can concentrate on maintaining order, fire fighters can fight fires, and search and rescue teams can spend their time searching, while allowing the Red Cross to treat the wounds and needs of the rescued.
Preview my new book now and learn how to:
Just let me know where to send it!